If you're allergic to house dust mites, then it is essential for you to keep floors clean. House dust mites are tiny organisms causing itchy and watery eyes, sneezing and stuffy noses for many people. They live in warm places and they adore carpets.
House dust mites belong to the arachnid family, which also includes spiders, chiggers and ticks, and feed on human dead skin cells. They usually live in the upholstered furniture, beds and your favorite floor covering - carpets.
If you suffer from a dust allergy, the perfect solution for you is bare floors. Dust can be easily viewed and removed with a broom or a mop on the bare floors. But if it's impossible to remove carpets, there are still a few options available to reduce dust mites population and, consequently, dust allergy symptoms. When you vacuum carpets with a usual vacuum cleaner, chances are high that the dust will be stirred up and much of it will be released back into the air. The better choice for you in this case will be other options like central vacuums, HEPA vacuums or those with an electrostatic filter.
This type of vacuums is often considered the best one for those who suffer from allergy, as it eliminates the possibility of dirty air re-circulating around your house. The dust is moved through the walls towards the out-of-the-way container. The latter may be located somewhere in the garage or in the basement. Moreover, the dirt can be exhausted directly out of your home. You will only need to change filters or bags three or four times a year. These vacuums can also have HEPA filtration option and be retro-fitted to be installed in existing houses.
HEPA vacuum cleaners
HEPA vacuum (high-efficiency air filtration system) is different from the usual cleaner as it has a filter able to hold extremely small particles. In other words, it traps the dust right inside the filter.
The quality of such type of vacuums varies greatly. You should search for:
- pre-filter, designed to prevent the main filter being clogged with dirt and dust.
- vacuum having the HEPA filtration placed after the engine in order to make sure the exhaust is distributing allergen free air.
- washable HEPA filter.
- bag and engine parts which are entirely sealed by rubber gaskets in order to ensure there's no leakage of the dust air.
Vacuums having an electrostatic filter
The so-called electrostatic filters work by using the electrostatically charged filtration for attracting very small particles. They produce a safe static charge by forcing the air across the filter. The principle of operation is similar to that of a magnet: the dirt and dust attract and trap tiny dust particles. Such vacuums are an effective way to trap house dust mites as well.
Regardless of what kind of vacuum cleaner you have, if it's you who suffer from the dust allergy, then you definitely shouldn't be the one vacuuming the house, and of course should not be the one changing the filter or bag.
Besides vacuum cleaners, there're also some other things which can help clean the carpets from the house dust mites. They may come in the form of foams, powders and sprays and should be used on a regular basis in order to reduce dust mite population to a minimum.
House dust mite pesticides
Such pesticide as Acarosan, can kill the mites themselves and help the vacuum cleaner eliminate them, together with their droppings, from your carpet. It usually comes available in spray and powder, and needs to be used almost every month.
Tannic acid works by breaking down the allergens (including dust mites, animal dander, mold spores and pollen allergens) into innoxious materials. You can spray it directly onto the surface of upholstered furniture and carpets. Tannic acid de-activates the allergen so that it doesn't cause allergy symptoms any longer. It works pretty fast and is quite easy to use. The only problem about it is that its effects won't last long, as dust mites in fact remain, so the allergen builds up again. So you'll be required to apply the product frequently. Besides, there've been some complaints that it may stain some upholstery fabrics and carpets, so it is recommended to do a test spot every time before applying the solution on the entire carpet.