PERFECT PIE DOUGH
When rolling out my pie dough, I roll it on a lightly floured plastic place mat with a wet dishcloth underneath to prevent sliding. I place a large dinner plate on top of the rolled-out dough and cut around the edges (or just pull the excess dough off). This creates the perfect size for a 9-or 10-inch pie plate. And no matter what the recipe says, I never, ever refrigerate the dough.
PIE SHELL SHRINKAGE
Q: How do you keep a pie shell from shrinking while baking?
A: There are two conditions that will cause shrinking of an unbaked pie shell during baking: too much gluten in the flour and too much water in the water-to-shortening ratio. As the shell bakes, the gluten tends to tighten and pull the shell together. Also as the shell bakes, water evaporates and causes shrinkage.
Here are some suggestions:
1. Use a low-protein flour. It's the proteins that form the gluten. An all-purpose flour will work, but pastry flour is better.
2. Don't work the dough too much. Working the dough develops the gluten.
3. After you have rolled the dough, let it sit for 5 minutes. That gives the gluten a chance to relax.
4. Check your water-to-shortening ratio. The shortening will inhibit gluten development and will not evaporate and cause shrinking as water does.
5. Don't stretch the dough to fit the pan. Stretched dough tends to have a memory and slips back into the original shape during baking.
6. Use pie weights. You can buy pie weights at RecipeSecrets.net or in specialty shops.
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