The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has simultaneously released a report that helps pediatricians identify when antibiotics will be helpful for respiratory infections.
Both the CDC and the AAP note that children's respiratory infections are most often caused by viruses, which won't be helped by antibiotics. The CDC says that every year as many as 10 million U.S. children risk side effects from antibiotic prescriptions that are unlikely to help their upper respiratory conditions. For example, antibiotics will not help colds and flu, most coughs and bronchitis, sore throat (other than strep throat), and runny noses.
Over-use of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance, which occurs when bacteria evolve and are able to outsmart antibiotics, making even common infections difficultRead More »from CDC, AAP Issue New Guidelines Limiting Antibiotic Use in Children