Michael and Debi Pearl are the "ministers" behind No Greater Joy Ministries Inc., the organization responsible for publishing To Train Up A Child, a parenting guide used by some evangelical Christians to teach their children complete obedience. To Train Up A Child advocates the use of severe corporal punishment and even starvation as a means of training children to be wholly submissive. In the last seven years, the deaths of three children - all adopted - have been attributed to use of the Pearls' book. 4-year-old Sean Paddock was killed by his adoptive mother Lynn Paddock in 2006, 7-year-old Lydia Schatz was killed by her adoptive parents Kevin and Elizabeth in 2010, and 13-year-old Hana Williams was killed by her adoptive parents Larry and Carri in 2011. In all three cases, the parents were convicted of murder.
Alicia Bayer, who has written extensively about the Pearls for Examiner.com, notes that their training methods include:
- Using plastic tubing to beat children, since it