Young women and back pain: What are the causes?

Back pain is not reserved for those ready to celebrate their 70th birthday. In fact, I have been suffering from back pain since my childhood years and it has worsened since I hit 21 years old. Today, I am 27 and it is a constant and severe part of my daily life. There are a variety of things that can cause us to experience back pain during our younger years. Some are relatively harmless and very much treatable, but others are more serious, and while treatable, may not be curable. If you are experiencing back pain that will just not go away, or if it is getting worse, do not ignore it. You need to see your doctor and get a proper diagnosis so you can get treatment started so that you can start feeling better.

When is Back Pain Considered an Issue?

Well, this really depends on you. However, most medical professionals agree that if you have pain that lasts at least a month, you should definitely have it looked at. Also, if your pain begins suddenly or is severe or gets progressively worse, it is time to get it looked at. Back pain in young women is something you have to judge and you can never be too safe because some of the causes can be life-threatening. All health care professionals will agree that it is better to be safe than sorry, so if you feel it is time to see your doctor, even if it has been only a few days, then definitely see your doctor. You know your body better than anyone, after all.

Causes of Upper Back Pain

The lower back is the most common site of back pain in young women, but the upper back can be a source of pain, too. Sometimes you may move or twist the wrong way and this can cause pain in this area of the back. This pain can range from mild to severe.

While the upper back is not the most common spot for herniated discs, spinal discs can become herniated in this area and cause pain. I personally experienced all of my discs in this area herniated and eventually rupturing. In my case, the cause was a combination of factors. This discs in this area can also deteriorate.

In the upper back, conditions, such as spondylitis and fibromyalgia may cause pain. Some structural causes of pain that have not been previously mentioned may include muscle spasm, osteomyelitis, Paget's disease of the bone, spinal stenosis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, spinal degeneration, spinal fracture and strains and sprains.

In women, multiple myeloma, heart attack, kidney disease and stones and spinal cancer or tumor may cause upper back pain.

Causes of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain in young women is not uncommon. The wrong movement or twisting wrong can cause pain. If you tend to lead a sedentary lifestyle, you are also at a higher risk for sprains and strains in your lower back which can cause you pain. Women may also experience lower back pain that actually stems from the reproductive organs, known as referred pain.

Structural causes of pain in your lower back may stem from a herniated disc, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, sciatic nerve damage related to degenerative disc disease or spinal stenosis, spinal stenosis, spondylitis, muscle spasm, osteomyelitis, Paget's disease of the bone, spinal degeneration and spine fracture.

Other possible causes may include fibromyalgia, premenstrual syndrome, pelvic inflammatory disease and uterine prolapse. More life-threatening causes may include multiple myeloma, spinal cancer or tumor or kidney disease or stones.

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Resources

National Pain Foundation: Back and Neck Pain Causes